How to Repair Windows 10

Updated: September 13, 2022

The reasons why a computer does not work vary, and the problem is that tackling some of them requires professional skills. However, if you ponder how to repair Windows 10, there is no reason to be confused: you can use built-in operating system tools to handle a problem. But in some cases, the task will be more challenging. Therefore, you will need to invoke your inner system administrator to tackle the malfunction. So, which way is best to repair Windows 10? The answer depends on the core of the problem, available tools, and the user’s level of expertise. Continue reading to learn more! 

Does One Have to Be a Whiz to Fix Windows?

All computer users can be divided into three groups:

  • Beginners;
  • Advanced users;
  • Professionals (we also call them gods of computers). 

Beginners tend to ask for a third-party service every time they face difficulties. Advanced users know a bit more than how to use hotkeys and can fix some points using guides written by professionals (most of them can be found on Microsoft support pages or on our website). Professionals are computer technicians or system administrators, like Howly experts who prepared this article for you.

Computer users

Thus, to repair Windows, you need some experience reading guides working with menus and catalog directories – not more. If a PC does not work because of hardware damage, you will be prompted to contact the computer service. In addition, you will need professional help in case your OS has non-standard features or a problem is multi-dimensional. For instance, you face an update failure, a device operates slowly during the particular session, you hear how the motherboard beeps – and all this happens simultaneously.

How to Fix Windows 10: to Restore, Reset, or Reinstall?

Let us use a metaphor for a clear understanding of the issue. Your OS is a house. When you do not feel comfortable in it, it is you who decides which option is the best: to change the front door for more safety, change a couple of furniture items for refreshing, or reconstruct the interior entirely. The first alternative is easy to implement, and it will work as soon as you finish your job. On the other hand, the “global” approach requires much time, and, what is more, it implies ditching all the pieces you are accustomed to and organizing your routine in a brand new way. It could be refreshing.

Choosing between a small retooling and a massive upgrade to run a repair on Windows 10, in most cases, it is more reasonable to prefer the first (if it is possible). Fixing the OS that ceases or proceeds slowly by making minor changes is more productive than reinstalling because you save all the files and functions in their places. While searching for the solution on how to run Windows repair, depending on the problem’s scale, you can:

  • Restore an OS – one step back, reverse to the previous system version, and inactivation of the latest updates. You need a restore point – a backup copy of files, to go this way.
  • Refresh OS. Windows is being reinstalled. Your data is safe.
  • Reset a PC. It is the entire reinstallation. You are going to lose all personal data.
Reset a PC

You will never know when your PC will be out of order, so it is a good idea to do backups of your system regularly. Another good idea is to have a recovery drive – Windows files recorded on a USB drive or DVD. Some day you may need it to do the Windows installation.

How to Do a Windows Repair with Windows Recovery Environment

Press the power button. When the circle made of blinking points appears, turn off a PC. Repeat the same one more time. Then turn it on and let it complete downloading. Now you are in WinRE. It is a mode that allows your PC to make a self-check and handle some errors.

Windows Repair

Then choose Troubleshoot => Advanced options.

Choose Troubleshoot

Go to the Startup Repair option:

The Startup Repair option

You have done it! All the rest OS will do by itself.

From this section, you can make a system restore to repair PC Windows 10 by choosing the appropriate button.

If your PC does not boot, you may need to use installation software recorded on a DVD or flash drive. If your laptop does not let you start an OS from a flash drive, you may need to change the BIOS configuration (it is a chip on a motherboard). Plug in a medium. Press the power button. Press one of the key to access BIOS. Depending on the manufacturer’s settings, it can be Delete, Escape, F2, or F8 buttons. Follow the logic of what you see on the screen and choose the medium with the software for installation. Click Repair your computer.

How to Repair the OS Windows 10 by Using the Command Prompt

The command prompt’s task is to interpret the user’s command into the language understandable by a PC. To handle this mode of communication, one has to have a more advanced level of dealing with software. On the other hand, by following the step-by-step instructions, you can reach the final point – to make your computer work smoothly. Using this application that looks like a dialogue window, a user can solve a set of issues operating by administrative rights.

There are a few options to get to the command line to do a system repair on Windows 10:

  • From the Start menu;
  • From the Advanced options section in the Troubleshoot menu (mentioned above);
  • By opening the file cmd.exe in the folder with system files.
Open cmd.exe

Try out one of these commands to:

  • Fix corrupted data;
  • Create a new piece of software for booting on the hard disk;
  • Search for errors in booting.
The commands

If you are not sure that you have enough experience for such an experiment, ask Howly experts for help. Or a least always have a backup of files under your belt in the future.

How to Run a Repair on Windows 10 with a System File Checker

In Windows 10, two tools are working in collaboration to organize system files:

  • System File Checker (SFC) detects the damages in groups of files which provide booting and correct OS operating and, in some cases, replaces the cracked files with taken from cash;
  • Deployment Image Servicing and Management Tool (DISM) fixes the “gaps.”

There are two main commands able to repair Windows installation:

To repair Windows installation

Enter them in the command prompt. The task is rather complicated and requires special skills and understanding of how data is organized and how an OS works, in general, to interpret the system’s reports as long as they are given. Unless you know the language Windows talks to a user, it is more reasonable to do your best while using the more straightforward tools mentioned above and, if not successful, ask for a professional service.


How Do I Repair Windows 10: The Bottom Line

Plenty of reasons can lead to OS operation failure, and the reason defines the tools that should be used to troubleshoot the problem. To repair Win 10, a user has a set of tools and detailed guides. Some of the features, such as the Windows Recovery Environment, do not need special skills and could be used by a person with zero experience in fixing Windows 10. Other options – for example, in-depth file check or reinstalling the system – requires a more advanced approach. Thus, you may consider involving third-party experience. The general rule to avoid data loss because of OS failure is to make a backup regularly.

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