How to fix a laptop keyboard

Keyboard breakage is one of the most common problems for all laptop users. A lot of people deal with breakdowns of their equipment, especially laptop keyboards. Are the keys on your laptop hard to press? It’s a clogged laptop keyboard. Clogged keys lead at least to the fact that one of the buttons sticks. As a result, the user will have to constantly check whether the button worked while typing, which will reduce the comfort of use.

Fix a laptop keyboard
Fix a laptop keyboard

So, if a key on the keyboard does not work, it is usually due to a mechanical failure. If you are the owner of Windows laptops, you can contact their service to find out if you can fix it yourself or if you need the help of a specialist.

Next, we will describe to you step by step how you can deal with such a breakdown at home and give useful tips. Especially if you actively use, for example, work, play games whatever you want.

Step 1: Reboot your laptop

When you have a computer problem that is bad enough to prevent you from getting anything done, the first thing you should attempt is to restart it – turn it off and then back on again. This clears the computer’s memory and restarts all of your programs and utilities, which may be enough to get your laptop back up and running.


While restarting the computer, there may be problems updating the operating system, but it is better not to do this because in this case, you will need a keyboard.

So, before you do anything else, restart your Windows computer. This does not even necessitate the usage of a keyboard.

Step 2: Clean your laptop keyboard

The first thing after you have rebooted your laptop is to check the keyboard. Press the keys and determine which ones work and which don’t. If you found working buttons on your keyboard, then you have a chance to save it. These kinds of broken buttons can cause dirt, water drops, and dust on the keyboard. To clean the buttons on your keyboard you will need Q-tip, toothpick, container, tweezers, napkin, or microfiber.

Clean laptop keyboard
Clean laptop keyboard

You should take alcohol or a special spray for cleaning laptops and keyboards, which can be ordered online or bought at a specialty store. With such a set of improvised tools, it will be very easy for you to wash all dirt from the keyboard and slots.

You can use it:

  • Q-tip – to remove grit and dust from the area around the key.
  • Tweezers – to remove parts of the key carriage. It is not required for all computers, but it is beneficial.
  • Toothpick – to clean slots around the buttons.
  • Microfiber or napkin – such fabric relieves static stress and is also resistant to microbes. In addition, it is easy to remove dust and grease from it after use: all this is easily washed off with running water.

Step 3: Check to see if it’s a hardware problem

If after you tried to solve the problem with the keyboard and tried all the methods above and it does not start working, it may be a keyboard’s hardware problem.

Keyboard’s hardware problem
Keyboard’s hardware problem

To restore all settings, follow these steps:

  1. Select «Settings» from the «Start».
  2. Type «Recovery» into the «Settings» search box, and then select «Recovery options» from the results.
  3. Select «Restart now» from the «Advanced startup» area.
  4. On the «Choose an option box» once the machine reboots, select «Troubleshoot».
  5. Select «Advanced Options» from the «Troubleshoot screen».
  6. Select «Command Prompt» from the «Advanced options» page.
  7. Check your keyboard when the command prompt appears.

Step 4: Make sure the keyboard settings and drivers work

If you understand that your keyboard problems are due to software problems, then you should troubleshoot and update your keyboard driver.

The keyboard settings and drivers
The keyboard settings and drivers

For Windows computer owners:

  1. Search for Device Manager in the taskbar and select the first option. A list of all the devices connected to your laptop should not appear.
  2. Click on the «Keyboards» section and find the «HID Keyboard Device» device or similar.
  3. Next, click on «Update Driver» and it will check which version you have installed.
  4. In the same menu, you can «Delete device». For everything to start working again, you need to reboot the laptop and after confirmation, the drivers will be automatically reinstalled.

Step 5: Replace keyboard settings

Some keyboard settings are useful most of the time, but they might cause problems if they go wrong.

Here’s how to disable them:

  1. Choose the first option after typing «Control Panel» into the taskbar’s search field.
  2. In the new window, type «keyboard» in the upper left corner and click enter.
  3. Choose the first option to change the character repeat and blink rate.

Step 6: Check you have the right keyboard layout

If your keyboard works, but in the process, you see that the characters that are displayed on the screen do not match their meaning, make sure that the keyboard layout is correct.

The keyboard layout
The keyboard layout

How to check:

  1. Find and click «Start» and then «Settings».
  2. In the settings menu click «Time &Language».
  3. Next, on the panel select «Language».
  4. In the «Preferred Languages» menu, check that you have selected the correct language. If not, then you can add it by clicking «Add language».
  5. Select the language you need and then click Options.
  6. Now check and make sure your keyboard is fully functional.

Step 7: Contact technical support

If you have done all the above and nothing helped to fix the laptop keyboard, then it is better to contact a specialist. It will help diagnose your laptop keyboard and deal with the problem in more detail.

If you have any questions, it is always better to contact technical support, they will give a full answer with the information you need on the problem that has arisen. Thus, you have a chance that your laptop keyboard will be repaired with the possible replacement of some parts.

A couple of tips for active keyboard users

Taking care of your laptop keyboard is very important. To avoid such problems in the future and not repair the keyboard and buttons again, you can carry out the so-called prevention. To do this, you need to follow a few recommendations: firstly, is not to eat or drink near the keyboard so as not to spill the drink or throw crumbs into the slots. Secondly, properly clean the laptop keyboard. And to make cleaning easier and more fun, you can look for different sprays and wipes for cleaning keyboards, mice, and monitors.

Deep cleaning of a laptop keyboard is required every three to five months. In the event that a little amount of liquid has been detected, this procedure is frequently used. The method necessitates a thorough parsing of the keys, with only the captured ones, as well as all other buttons, being extracted.

If the user has filled the keyboard with liquid, it must be flipped over and shaken quickly, as indicated above. The keys must then be wiped thoroughly with a dry cloth and allowed to dry overnight. This easy procedure works well when only a small amount of liquid has met the keys.

If there is more water, then the laptop keyboard will have to be washed. Of course, for this, the laptop will have to be disassembled.